Today, I´d like to take a look to the Coordinator Layout and some basic ideas about App Bar Layout. Together, they can do some nice animated effects. In this occasion, we´ll see how to hide the toolbar while we start scrolling down, and then show it again as soon as we start scrolling down.

Coordinator Layout

We´ll also see how to make a Floating Action Button animate to leave enough space for a Snack Bar to show.

Coordinator Layout

The Coordinator Layout is one of the new powerful layouts introduced in the new design support library. We already talked about the Navigation View and the Floating Action Button, but now it´s time to put everything to work together and coordinate their animations.

That´s what this new layout is all about: based on a set of rules defined in Behaviors, we can define how views inside the Coordinator Layout relate each other and what can be expected when one of them changes. I´ll talk about behaviours in a future post, but they identify which views another view depend on, and how they behave when any of these views changes.

App Bar Layout

This layout must surround the views that conform the toolbar to make them animate the way we want based on a scrolling view. We can define the scrolling view in XML using this attribute:

app:layout_behavior="@string/appbar_scrolling_view_behavior"

This will add a behavior to the view, which can be listened by the AppBarLayout to animate its children.

For example, in MaterializeYourApp example, I´m using a RecyclerView in main activity. This is how the XML looks like:

<android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView
    android:id="@+id/recycler"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    app:layout_behavior="@string/appbar_scrolling_view_behavior"/>

By using some scroll flags, we can specify the behaviour of the views inside the layout. We have these different options:

  • scroll: This means it will scroll while scrolling the targeted view (our recycler view in this case).
  • enterAlways: When we scroll up, the view will immediately reappear.
  • enterAlwaysCollapsed: if the view has a collapsed mode, it will reappear collapsed when scrolling up.
  • exitUntilCollapsed: it won´t exit from the screen until the view is collapsed.

I´ll review some of these flags in next articles, but for the main activity, we just want it to scroll with the scrolling view and to re-enter as soon as we scroll up. So that´s the combination the Toolbar will use:

<android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar
    android:id="@+id/toolbar"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="?attr/actionBarSize"
    android:background="?attr/colorPrimary"
    app:popupTheme="@style/ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Light"
    app:layout_scrollFlags="scroll|enterAlways" />

This is the important line:

app:layout_scrollFlags="scroll|enterAlways" />

Coordinator Layout, Floating Action Bar and Snack Bar

This is almost for free, but it´s interesting to know that FloatingActionButton behavior will pay attention to Snack Bar views and move to leave them enough space to paint. The only requirements are that the FAB is inside a Coordinator Layout and that we attach the SnackBar to it:

findViewById(R.id.fab).setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override public void onClick(View v) {
                Snackbar.make(content, "FAB Clicked", Snackbar.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
            }
        });

The content view in this case is the CoordinatorLayout, so when the FAB is clicked, the SnackBar appears and the FAB animates with it.

Conclusion

Thanks to CoordinatorLayout and AppBarLayout you are starting to discover the amazing animations you can get without hardly any code. This is going to be bigger when you are able to create more complex toolbars which animate in many different ways, really useful to create lively detail screens. But this will have to wait to the next article, where I’ll talk about Collapsing Toolbar Layout. In the meanwhile, you can check the working code in MaterializeYourApp repo example.

Author: Antonio Leiva

I’m in love with Kotlin. I’ve been learning about it for a couple of years, applying it to Android and digesting all this knowledge so that you can learn it with no effort.

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